Aug 24, 2010
Short-term meditation induces white matter changes in the anterior cingulate
Short-term meditation induces white matter changes in the anterior cingulate.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Aug 16;
Authors: Tang YY, Lu Q, Geng X, Stein EA, Yang Y, Posner MI
The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is part of a network implicated in the development of self-regulation and whose connectivity changes dramatically in development. In previous studies we showed that 3 h of mental training, based on traditional Chinese medicine (integrative body-mind training, IBMT), increases ACC activity and improves self-regulation. However, it is not known whether changes in white matter connectivity can result from small amounts of mental training. We here report that 11 h of IBMT increases fractional anisotropy (FA), an index indicating the integrity and efficiency of white matter in the corona radiata, an important white-matter tract connecting the ACC to other structures. Thus IBMT could provide a means for improving self-regulation and perhaps reducing or preventing various mental disorders.