Sep 05, 2007
Brain-computer interface: a reciprocal self-regulated neuromodulation
Brain-computer interface: a reciprocal self-regulated neuromodulation.
Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2007;97(Pt 2):555-9
Authors: Angelakis E, Hatzis A, Panourias IG, Sakas DE
Brain-computer interface (BCI) is a system that records brain activity and process it through a computer, allowing the individual whose activity is recorded to monitor this activity at the same time. Applications of BCIs include assistive modules for severely paralyzed patients to help them control external devices or to communicate, as well as brain biofeedback to self regulate brain activity for treating epilepsy, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety, and other psychiatric conditions, or to enhance cognitive performance in healthy individuals. The vast majority of BCIs utilizes non-invasive scalp recorded electroencephalographic (EEG) signals, but other techniques like invasive intracortical EEG, or near-infrared spectroscopy measuring brain blood oxygenation are tried experimentally.